Sometimes gum tissue can be reshaped to improve the appearance of a smile. For example, having a “gummy smile” is where gum tissue is displayed more than desired while smiling. Another example is a case of gingival hyperplasia, which is a condition where the is an overgrowth of the gum tissue. This can be due to a number of reasons and it is a condition that can be corrected through soft tissue recontouring (gingivectomy).
Gingivectomy may also be indicated to remove gum tissue that sometimes grows (operculum) where wisdom teeth were extracted or partially erupted. Soft tissue is removed in such cases is often performed to treat or prevent a condition called periocoronitis or operculitis. The excess flap that grows and cover part of the back side of your last molar allows food and bacteria to collect, attributing to pain, odor, inflammation and destruction of surrounding tissue.